Ligaments are cords of tough, flexible fibrous tissue that connect bones and provide support to a joint. While ligaments are extremely strong, an awkward stretch or twist can cause a strain injury. With enough force, they can be torn the most severe ligament injury.
Ligament symptoms will vary depending on the severity of an injury to a tendon, but may include:
Mild ligament injuries can be treated with non-surgical treatment such as the R.I.C.E. method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation) and over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medication. Sometimes a brace or splint is needed for comfort and protection. Your doctor may also recommend physical therapy as part of your treatment plan.
For severe strains or a tear to a ligament, a surgical procedure to repair the ligament may be required. Ligament surgery may consist of repairing or replacing the ligament. Sometimes a tendon graft is needed to hold the injured joint together. The tendon used may come from the injured person, known as an autograft, or may come from an organ donation, known as an allograft.
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