Deformity correction is the surgical adjustment or modification of bone that grows incorrectly as the result of a disease or condition, such as bowlegs or knock knees.
Spinal deformity correction surgery can be used to help patients with scoliosis, kyphosis, trauma, or other conditions that affect the spine, such as ankylosing spondylitis. Corrective surgery may also be used for conditions in which the legs, knees, or ankles grow at incorrect angles or lengths. Deformities can be corrected in two different ways:
During surgery, the doctor makes a cut across the bone to create two separate bone segments. This surgical procedure to cut a bone is called an osteotomy. Then the doctor will straighten the bone.
After the bone is positioned correctly, the doctor inserts an internal device to keep the bone in the correct position while it heals. The internal device may be an internal nail/rod or a metal plate. Sometimes additional soft-tissue procedures are done at the same time to allow the muscles and nerves to accommodate the correction. After the bone heals, the internal device may be removed during a second surgery.
At the International Center for Limb Lengthening, we use a variety of orthopedic devices to correct bone deformities. We choose which device will work best based on each person’s unique situation. For information about specific devices, please visit Lengthening & Deformity Correction Devices.
If patients do not attend physical therapy sessions or perform their home exercises, their muscle strength and range of motion could be affected and the doctor may ask them to stop treatment. Muscle contracture or nerve problems can also cause the doctor to stop the deformity correction process.
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